WHAT CAN I EXPECT AFTER SURGERY?
There will be a mild to moderate amount of pain and discomfort associated with the surgery. This should be easily controlled with oral medications. Tylenol with codeine (or equivalent if allergy to codeine exists) is generally always sufficient for pain control.
The discomfort and pain should begin to decrease within 72 hours after surgery. A significant increase in pain after this period should prompt you to call the office.
Bruising and swelling are not unusual after the surgery. These symptoms often worsen on the second day following surgery and then steadily improve thereafter; this is normal. The amount of bruising that occurs varies significantly from one person to the next. Most swelling occurs around the eyes, but some bruising may track down and discolor the cheek area. If only the septum and/or nasal tip are operated on, only slight, if any, bruising will normally be expected to occur.
Some bloody nasal discharge/minor bleeding is to be expected after any nasal surgery. A small “mustache” type gauze dressing will be placed beneath your nose after your surgery. During the first 24-48 hours, this absorbent dressing often needs to be changed 10-20 times; this is to be expected. This gauze is meant to catch blood to prevent it getting on the clothes. Minor bleeding can be minimized with over the counter Afrin nasal spray. Significant bleeding (like a faucet) is not normal and you should call Dr. Shuaib’s office.
Often at the completion of the surgery a light tape and plastic nasal dressing is placed on the outside of the nose, and plastic splints are placed on the inside of the nose. Both the internal and external nasal dressings are removed in 5-7 days after surgery.
Nasal stuffiness is the most annoying problem that you will face after surgery. It is most distressful in the first week after surgery, and significantly improves once the internal nasal splints are removed. Using neilmed sinus rinses at least 4 times a day can help resolve this issue. Afrin may also be used if nasal stuffiness doesn’t resolve with the sinus rinse. Afrin should be used for only 5 days total as a dependency may result. Any residual stuffiness can be expected to gradually improve over a period of several weeks thereafter.
Excess mucus is often present in the throat after surgery. This will resolve once the splints are removed (5 to 7 days after surgery).
Numbness in the tip of the nose, upper front teeth or roof of the mouth following surgery is to be expected because surgery typically causes a temporary disruption of some of the nerves in the area. Sensation will generally return slowly over a period of several weeks, and rarely, months. Some temporary decrease or alteration in the sense of smell or taste is typical after surgery. This is, again, secondary to disruption of some nerves in the nose during surgery. These changes will begin to improve within the first 1 to 2 weeks after the procedure.
It is very important for you be aware of the fact that swelling from the surgery will temporarily make the nose appear broader and the tip more turned up and less refined than is desirable. You will often notice that the swelling on the bridge of your nose will improve more quickly than the swelling on the tip of your nose. This should not be a cause for alarm. All the swelling in your nose will greatly improve in the first few weeks after the surgery. Although much of the swelling will have resolved within a few months, your nose will continue to improve for up to one year after surgery.
CALL THE OFFICE PROMPTLY IF YOU NOTICE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:
- development of a temperature elevation exceeding 101 degrees.
- Significant amount of bleeding from the nose. Any significant reinjury of the nose.
- a significant progressive increase in pain which is not easily relieved by taking your prescribed medication
- Pus coming from the nose
If any of the above should occur after regular office hours, do not hesitate to reach us through the answering service. For whatever reason, if you notice one of the above changes and cannot reach us at our office or through the answering service, present yourself to the emergency department for evaluation.
HOW DO I CARE FOR MYSELF AFTER SURGERY?
- Make arrangements to have someone drive you to, and from, your surgery.
- Having someone stay with you on at least the first night after your surgery is highly recommended.
- Be sure to fill your prescriptions before your surgery since it means one less thing for you to worry about afterwards.
- You should the sinus rinse (e.g.Neilmed Sinus Rinse) and then place a small dab of either vaseline or antibiotic ointment (e.g. polytopic or bacitracin) inside your nose 4 to 6 times a day, beginning on the first day after surgery. This will minimize nasal crusting and make you feel more comfortable. Both the saline rinse and antibiotic ointment are available at drugstores without a prescription.
- A Q-tip moistened with hydrogen peroxide may be swabbed in the nose (be careful not to wet the outside of the nose) 2 to 3 times a day to also help reduce nasal crusting.
- Arrive for your surgery in loose, comfortable clothing. Your top should button or zip rather than pull over your head.
- Take the antibiotics and pain medication only as prescribed by the office.
- Do not take any aspirin or any anti-inflammatory compounds for 2 weeks before and 2 weeks after your surgery unless you first discuss it with your surgeon.
- If you are a smoker, you should not smoke for at least 2 weeks prior to surgery and 2 weeks after surgery. Smoking and chewing tobacco inhibit your circulation and can significantly compromise your surgical outcome.
- To minimize swelling, you may use cool, clean compresses or ice wrapped in a dry cloth. Apply these gently to your closed eyes four to six times a day for the first twenty-four hours after surgery.
- Sleep with the head elevated for the first week after surgery.
- You should not blow your nose for two weeks after surgery as it can disrupt proper healing and cause bleeding. If you must sneeze, sneeze with your mouth wide open as this will minimize any disturbance within the nose.
- If an external nasal dressing is used, do not allow it to become wet at any time. You may shower or bathe the day after surgery, but do not let the spray strike your nose. Do not rub or massage your nose unless instructed to do so by Dr. Shuaib.
- For the first month after rhinoplasty, you should not rest your glasses on the bridge of your nose. Either wear contact lenses or suspend the glasses with the use of a small tape from your forehead. You should note that your glasses may have to be refitted because changes in the shape of the nose may alter the resting place for your glasses.
- It is important to either avoid the sun or use a sunblock (SPF 15 or higher) for 6 months after rhinoplasty. Failure to do so may result in long term reddish discoloration of the skin of the nose. Patients undergoing only septoplasty have no increased risk of discoloration.
- Usually, your surgeon will use dissolvable sutures inside the nose which will disappear on their own within a few weeks. Any external sutures should be kept clean and dry. If non-dissolvable sutures are used on external incisions, they should be removed within 5 to 7 days after surgery (at the time of splint removal).
- You should do no vigorous exercise and should avoid any significant physical exertion, lifting or straining for a minimum of 3 weeks after your surgery, as this activity could disrupt your wound healing and cause bleeding. Plan on taking it easy. Although your nose will not feel painful while healing, it is still susceptible to injury. Be careful not to bump it or squeeze it (Dr. Shuaib may
on occasion ask you to squeeze your nose in certain areas to help reduce swelling; unless told to do so, do not apply any pressure to your nose for a few months after surgery). Be aware that the most common sources of inadvertent injury to your nose after surgery are children and pets.
Approximate recovery after rhinoplasty is as follows:
- DAY 1 Return home. Use cool compresses for 24 hours. Some swelling and bruising, mild discomfort. Change mustache dressing as needed (often 10 to 20 times).
- DAY 2-3 Maximum bruising and swelling.
- DAYS 5-14 External stitches removed or dissolving. Internal and external nasal dressings removed by Dr. Shuaib. Bruising going away.
- WEEK 2-4 Approximately 50% of the swelling has begun to go away. Breathing better.
- MONTH 2 60 % of the swelling has gone away
- Month 3 Approximately 70% of the swelling has gone away
- 1 YEAR Enjoy your final result